Campus Grand Design

Campus Development for the Next 60 Years

Introduction

Aspiring to build a model for global liberal arts education

The International Christian University (ICU) came into being in 1953 in Mitaka, a suburb of Tokyo, as Japan's first liberal arts college with the mission of "cultivating capable individuals, educated as internationally minded citizens, who will serve both God and people and who will contribute to lasting peace. "

In 2013, ICU marked 60 years of devoting itself to providing education. In 2014, an ICU initiative, Creating Responsible Global Citizens through a Global Liberal Arts Education, was selected for the Top Global University Project (Type B) by the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology, Japan. Through this initiative, the university will further develop the "bilingual liberal arts education" it has been offering in Japanese and English since its establishment to build a global liberal arts education model.

The campus where students and faculty learn together going beyond the classroom

One of ICU's features is its tradition to put emphasis on holistic interaction of its members. Surrounded by deep woods, the 620,000 sq. m. campus not only houses educational facilities such as the University Hall (classroom block), Science Hall and Physical Education Center but is also dotted with student dormitories and faculty and staff residences, offering an environment where students and faculty learn together going beyond classroom. This invaluable university premise was purchased using donations from numerous people who agreed with the philosophy of ICU's establishment amidst the post-World War II devastation.

Campus Grand Design

Purpose

In the meantime, the facilities of the campus, with which ICU had built its history over the past 60 years, are showing signs of deterioration due to ageing, and ICU decided to formulate the basic plan for constructing new facilities and rebuilding of some facilities to create an environment to practice liberal arts for the next 60 years befitting ICU in the 21st Century. The university positions this basic plan as the Campus Grand Design and describes in detail the vision of the campus ICU is going to create over the next 60 years and the short- and medium-term transitional steps toward achieving the vision. The university commissioned the design of the Campus Grand Design to Nihon Sekkei, Inc. and Kengo Kuma & Associates and ICU faculty and staff members participated in the design process.

ICU's campus is the place to go back through the ages for the students, faculty, their family, alumni and local residents in the past, present and future and is the gateway to the world for them. The ICU campus will continue to develop and prosper.

ICU has so far built student dormitories consisting of two buildings named Momi House and Maple House (capacity: 320), which opened in April 2017. These two new dormitory buildings feature common areas on the first floor open to commuting students as well as to dorm residents. In addition, ICU will build a new gym and pool, and on-campus houses. In May 2016, the Board of Trustees and the Council have approved the plan to develop gymnastic facilities (including a new gym and pool) and on-campus houses. In response, ICU has proceeded with the specific construction plan.

Six concepts

Note: The diagram below is entirely for illustration purpose and is subject to change in the future.

1. Demarcation of zones for optimizing academic activity environment


In order for the university to systematically rebuild the facilities while continuing with education and research on campus, zoning, which organizes the campus area by its intended use, is indispensable. The Campus Grand Design redevelops the campus into the nine zones of Chapel, Academic, Outdoor Education and Fieldwork, Student Activities, Sports, Student Dormitories, Campus Housing, High School, and Administration. The university will create an attractive campus by leveraging the features of each zone to the maximum extent and developing the zones in respective, best-suited ways.

2. Realization of an integrated campus centered on the quadrangle (gathering place)


When drafting the campus plan at the time of establishment of the university, W. M. Vories, the architect who drafted the plan, had conceived a spacious quadrangle (gathering place) in the central part of the campus. The university will expand the lawn area in front of the University Hall and redevelop the rotary space in front of the University Chapel to continue and unify the sweep of the central part of the campus to give it a depth.

3. Creation of new educational environment that inherits the philosophy of ICU's establishment and the memories of the campus


ICU aims to create a new educational environment that inherits the philosophy of the university's establishment and the memories of the campus. The university will embody the integration of humanities, social sciences and natural sciences at facilities such as the classroom block and will newly build learning commons for encouraging interactions between students and faculty from various majors and an information lounge that promotes deep learning and discussions and to make presentations. Moreover, ICU will design classrooms that address the needs of consistent small-group education, various formats of classes and advancement of technology. It will also construct two new student dormitories (capacity of 320 students) and newly create a common space for students who are staying at the dorms as well as those commuting to university from their home or apartment. With the new buildings, the number of student dorms on campus will come to a total of 10 blocks where about 900 students, or 30% of ICU students, will stay, which will further strengthen the extracurricular educational function.

4. Leveraging of and appropriate maintenance of greenery for realizing a beautiful campus in harmony with the nature

The ICU campus boasts rich nature and it is one of the largest university campuses in Tokyo (620,000 sq. m.). ICU will set "Green Landscape" that corresponds to the function of each zone in order to leverage the value of trees that have grown tall along with the university's history while protecting and maintaining Musashino' s forest and living in harmony with rare animal and plant species. The university will prune trees and crop bottom weed to create landscape with visibility and grow healthy trees and further nurture the nature on campus, which is ICU's invaluable asset, to make it even more beautiful and diverse and pass it down to future generations.

Examples of "Green Landscape"

Chapel are
A scenery which represents the campus, centered in the gathering space in front of the chapel where the trees that have grown tall exist together with a group of facilities

MacLean Avenue area
A 600m street connecting the main gate and the University Chapel, lined with 72 someiyoshino cherry (prunus yedoensis) trees.

Outdoor education and fieldwork area
We will pass down the rich expanse of Musashino's woods, which is precious in Tokyo, to future generations as a place where people can stop by casually

Student dormitory area
An airy and comfortable residential area surrounded by trees that would nicely block intruding eyes.

5. Building safe and comfortable traffic lines on campus


Built around the quadrangle (gathering space), ICU will improve the traffic lines for pedestrians, bicycles and vehicles and clearly mark them to realize a campus which is friendly for everyone to move around. In doing so, it will also make arrangements to make it safe and convenient for diverse students, faculty members and visitors. ICU at the same time will draft a new lighting plan along with the improved traffic lines and realize night lighting that is safe and beautiful for people and maintains an environment for flora and fauna to grow.

6. Eco campus and efficient energy plan

We will formulate an efficient energy plan that utilizes to the maximum extent natural energy such as solar energy and funnel draft, and is suitable for the campus, which promotes harmonization with the nature. In particular, the university will migrate the heating and cooling system from the existing centralized method to the individual, dispersed method in a phased manner to meet the particular needs of each facility. ICU pursues a sustainable eco campus that is optimal for education and research by saving energy throughout the campus through these measures.

●Overall image of the Campus Grand Design (around 2030)

Time schedule through 2020

Note: The years described here cover the start of planning. The following is the plan at the moment and it may change in the future.

The university will continue with the redevelopment of the campus and its facilities from 2020 onwards in accordance with the six concepts of the Campus Grand Design.

Utilizing Natural Energy to Realize an Eco-Campus

In its "Environmental Mission Statement", which specifies its environmental policy, the International Christian University (ICU) declares as follows:

"Respect and care for the environment, protection of campus ecosystem, and responsible global citizenship are among the fundamental values that guide University-wide planning and decision-making. All faculty, staff, and students who make up the ICU community should be deeply aware of the way their actions affect the local and global environment in which we live."

Discussion at the Campus Energy Review Committee

The Campus Grand Design is a long-term plan setting out the zoning of the campus in preparation for the construction and rebuilding of facilities that may occur in the next decades, and ensuring such construction and rebuilding are implemented without impeding education, research, or student life. As we started to discuss the plan, we established the Campus Energy Review Committee (Chair: Professor Ken Okano, Physics major) in December 2014 with a view to determining ICU's energy policy for the next 60 years from a mid- and long-term, comprehensive and systematic perspective. The committee discussed the following three topics:

  1. Highly-efficient, diverse energy sources to facilitate energy saving
  2. Environmental measures for realizing a sustainable campus, including the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions
  3. Resilience function in case of energy disruptions in major disasters

Regarding the discussion at the Campus Energy Review Committee, Chairman Okano says:

Professor, Ken Okan
Major: Physics

"We agreed that consensus and shared values should be built among members about what an eco-campus is for ICU. We also discussed thoroughly how to distribute energy to various facilities scattered around our large campus, including equipment costs. Instead of the central heating system where hot water from heat source equipment (such as a boiler) is pumped throughout the campus to provide heat, we have decided to introduce cogeneration to improve comprehensive energy efficiency. It mainly uses electric energy, uses gas in emergencies, and even utilizes waste heat.

Meanwhile, regarding an educational aspect, We agreed that ICU's eco-campus aims to utilize eco-technologies and data gained from them for education. For example, a student majoring in environmental research could do his/her graduation work based on energy consumption data. Or a student majoring in economics could try and implement his/her environmental business plan on the campus. We hope to have a mechanism in place for both students and teachers to learn a lot from the eco-campus."

The report compiled by the committee has been employed as a basic policy for the Campus Grand Design. To flexibly respond to changes in society and technological development, we will review this basic policy on a regular basis.

Technologies and initiatives introduced in the new student dormitories

We introduced environmentally-friendly technologies and initiatives in the two student dorm buildings opened in April 2017 as part of the initial plan of the Campus Grand Design. Here are main features of the buildings.

(1) A vent window at the top of the stair hall

A vent window was created at the top of the stair hall connecting the two buildings of the dormitories, and an intake louver was created on the first floor. This way, the wind blowing all year in the sky 20-25 meters high at the average speed of three meters a second will be taken in from the vent window on the ceiling and move down to the floor. Depending on seasons, the vent window will be closed and mechanical ventilation will be used. This will ensure that both comfort and energy saving are achieved and that natural fresh air is always provided.

(2) Visualization of electricity consumption to promote energy saving and education

You can measure electricity consumption of each floor and see the status of electricity consumption of all floors on the PC screen in the management office. Resident students can feel and understand how much energy they consume and how much they can control such consumption. Furthermore, they can download the previous data and use it for education and research.

(3) Separate air conditioning for each floor

Air conditioning can be switched on or off separately for each floor. Optimal and efficient air conditioning is available depending on the condition of each floor.

(4) Insulated windows with double glass

All rooms will have double-glass windows. Insulation performance of double glass is divided into three levels depending on how much air space is between two sheets of glass. The new dorm will use the second-level one. (The first level is used in cold regions like Hokkaido.)

(5) Solar-powered emergency lights

Stairway emergency lights will be solar-powered. Due to the cost, it is not appropriate to supply all electricity via solar panels, but we will install an electricity storage device for use in blackouts and have a 72-hour backup.

(6) LED lighting in the whole buildings

Long-lasting LED lights will be used. There will be more than 1,000 lights in the two buildings. The introduction of LED lighting will help reduce the bulb replacement costs.

(7) Energy balance between electricity and gas

By using gas for the shared space on the first floor and electricity for the second floor and above--combined use of electricity and gas--we will maximize the advantages of both energy sources and reduce life cycle costs.

Eco-technologies expected to be introduced in other facilities in the future

Today more and more buildings in town are using natural energy. In facilities built in the future based on the Campus Grand Design, we will also actively introduce eco-technologies that use natural energy. The approaches include night purge ventilation, a cool pit system, spot air conditioning, air conditioning only around the bottom of a large space, desiccant air conditioning, and cogeneration.

Night purge ventilation

By taking in nighttime outdoor air in summer, spring and fall to cool a building, we will create an environment where we don't have to use air conditioning in the next morning.

Cool pit system

We will take in nighttime outdoor air via an underground pit where temperature is low even in summer. We will also prevent gusts from blowing in, remove the dust, install an insect screen to prevent insects from coming in, and build a barrier to prevent people from coming in.

Spot air conditioning focusing on where there are people

After creating a certain level of comfortable environment through night purging, we will do mechanical air conditioning only around places where there are people, such as chairs and tables. The idea is that the machine complements natural energy to create a comfortable environment.

Air conditioning only around the bottom of a large space

Similarly, in a large space where air conditioning costs more, we will significantly reduce air conditioning energy by focusing heating or cooling on around the floor.

Desiccant air conditioning removing humidity without using energy

The desiccant air conditioning system controls temperature and humidity separately. It is more comfortable and saves more energy than normal air conditioning.

Cogeneration

The gas cogeneration system generates electricity using city gas and uses exhaust heat for air conditioning, heating the swimming pool water, and hot-water supply in the kitchen.

The Campus Ground Design is a plan to make the ICU campus more sustainable by developing new technologies and twists to make cost-effective, maximum use of the merits of the campus--vastness, deep green, breezing wind, and clean air--and creating a mechanism for utilizing the results of such technologies and twists for education and research.

If you have any questions about campus grand design, please refer to the following page.

FAQ

Q1 to Q4: updated on June 20, 2016
Q5 to Q7: updated on September 21, 2016
Q1: updated on May 19, 2017

Q1. The whole picture of the Campus Grand Design (image, circa 2030) contains new facilities that do not currently exist on campus. Which facilities will be built and when?

A1. The proposed Campus Grand Design is a long-term plan setting out the zoning of the campus in preparation for the construction and rebuilding of facilities that may occur in the next decades, and ensuring such construction and rebuilding are implemented without impeding education, research, or student life. So the construction and rebuilding of facilities expressed in this picture is just a plan, not a final decision, except some facilities.

At this point (as of May 1, 2017), ICU has decided to build a gym and pool, and on-campus houses, in addition to student dormitories consisting of two buildings (capacity: 320). The new dorms were inaugurated in April 2017.

In May 2016, the Board of Trustees and the Council have approved the plan to develop gymnastic facilities (including a new gym and pool) and on-campus houses. In response, ICU has set out to formulate a specific construction plan.

Q2. Will the lawn area (called Baka-Yama) in front of the University Hall remain unchanged?

A2. Currently, there is a gently sloped lawn area in front of the University Hall, ICU's largest classroom building. Students friendly call it Baka-Yama and use it as a kind of oasis. In the Campus Grand Design, Baka-Yama and its surrounding area will still remain there. Inheriting the memories of the campus is one of the six policies for realizing the Campus Grand Design concept.

Q3. When will a new University Hall be built?

A3. When a new University Hall will be built is yet to be decided. The rebuilding plan will be discussed in the future.

Q4. The Campus Grand Design is a plan involving ICU's whole large campus (620,000 m2). Is ICU, which is a liberal arts college pursuing small-group education, financially comfortable to implement this plan?

A4. The Campus Grand Design is a long-term plan setting out the zoning of the campus in preparation for the construction and rebuilding of facilities that may occur in the next decades, and ensuring such construction and rebuilding are implemented without impeding education, research, or student life. Based on it, the whole picture of the Campus Grand Design has been prepared to illustrate what the campus will be like circa 2030. ICU always develops in an efficient and planned manner facilities that are necessary for students to fully learn global liberal arts. It determines the necessary costs, taking into full consideration ICU's financial burden.

Q5. How does the Campus Grand Design realize the philosophy of ICU?

A5. The Campus Grand Design is the basic plan that details the future image of the campus of ICU, which marked 60 years of devoting itself to providing education in 2013, as well as the short- and medium-term transitional steps for developing a campus that befits ICU for practicing liberal arts of the 21st Century toward the next 60 years.

The Campus Grand Design describes the realization of the three principal commitments as its mission, Academic, Christian and International Commitments, which ICU set forth at the time of embarking on providing education, as follows:

International Commitment
--Development of student dormitories and on-campus houses where the cultures of students and faculty from all over the world mix

Christian Commitment

--Improvement of the path to the University Chapel, which encourages personal interactions among individual students and faculty

Academic Commitment

--Development of educational facilities for practicing small-group education with focus on dialogue (e.g. a gym)

Carrying forward the philosophy of ICU's establishment and the memories of the campus is one of concepts of the Campus Grand Design. In line with the ICU Environmental Mission Statement, it also aims to leverage and appropriately maintain greenery for realizing a beautiful campus in harmony with the nature as well as protect and maintain Musashino's forest and live in harmony with rare animals and plant species.

Q6. How did ICU decide on the formulation of the Campus Grand Design?

A6. In 2012, the Board of Trustees approved the Campus Master Plan and came up with the guidelines for discussing and deciding the future plans, and the master plan on which such discussions and decisions should be based on. In light of this, ICU set up a committee to review the future concept of the University Hall (classroom block), a gym and pool and dormitories following the three new dorms (Zelkova, Ginkgo and Oak Houses) and on-campus houses, and subsequently discussions were started.

Based on these discussions, it was decided to formulate the Campus Grand Design, which sets forth the concrete functions of each area and a consistent design of the campus, on which these facilities would be built. The Campus Grand Design was completed in 2015.

Also, among these there are illustrations and time tables for indicating the future image of the campus around 2030, but these are just proposals at this point of time, and the planned sites are candidates and are subject to change in the future.

The current status of the development plan, etc. of the main facilities besides the student dormitories, gym and pool, the construction of which has been finalized, is as follows:

On-campus houses: The development plan for on-campus houses was approved in 2016.
University Hall: The construction plan for the University Hall including whether to rebuild it has not been finalized.
Diffendorfer Memorial Hall East Wing: The construction plan for the hall including whether to rebuild it has not been finalized.
Lawn area: There is a gently sloped lawn area in front of the University Hall, ICU's largest classroom building. Students fondly call it Baka-Yama and use it as a kind of oasis. In the Campus Grand Design, the lawn area and its surroundings have been retained with great care.

Q7. How did ICU choose the vendors entrusted with the design of the Campus Grand Design?

A7. We carried out a competitive bid to ensure fair and just selection of the design companies. After stipulating the Campus Grand Design Formulation Policy, the Board of Trustees narrowed down the candidates to six design companies with excellent track records over a long period. Subsequently, upon subjecting the proposals received from the selected design companies to fair and careful examinations, the committee approved the outsourcing the design to Nihon Sekkei, Inc. and Kengo Kuma & Associates.


ICU Campus Grand Design Office
Email: cgd-office@icu.ac.jp

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